I cringe about 4th Wave feminism a lot in my spirit , I was doing it on Twitter (...
Dr Neil Cummins, an economic historian from LSE, says that despite significant political, industrial, social and economic changes over the past eight centuries, social mobility in England has been much slower.
“Just take the names of the Normans who conquered England nearly 1000 years ago. Surnames such as Baskerville, Darcy, Mandeville and Montgomery are still over-represented at Oxbridge and also among elite occupations such as medicine, law and politics,” Dr Cummins says.
Research by Dr Cummins and Professor Gregory Clark from UC-Davis reveals that even mass publicly funded education and universal voting rights have not improved social mobility in England.
Through the study of the genealogical history of English families with rare surnames, using data provided by Ancestry.com, wealth, education and occupational status was highly heritable.
“What is surprising is that between 1800 and 2011 there have been substantial institutional changes in England but no gain in rates of social mobility for society as a whole.”
Just going to leave this here:
”underlying social status, as revealed by education, is more strongly inherited than height.”
‘the homestead’, OE hām-stede: Hampstead Gtr. London. Hemstede 959, Hamestede 1086 (db).Hampstead Norreys W. Berks. Hanstede 1086 (db), Hampstede Norreys 1517. Manorial affix from the Norreysfamily who bought the manor in 1448. Hamstead Birm. Hamsted 1227. Hamstead I. of Wight. Hamestede 1086 (db). Hamstead Marshall W. Berks. Hamestede 1086 (db), Hamsted Marchal 1284. Manorial affix from theMarshal family, here in the 13th cent. (Dictionary of British Place Names)
With the United States facing a daunting array of problems at home and abroad, leading historians courteously reminded the nation Thursday that when making tough choices, it never hurts to stop a moment, take a look at similar situations from the past, and then think about whether the decisions people made back then were good or bad.
According to the historians, by looking at things that have already happened, Americans can learn a lot about which actions made things better versus which actions made things worse, and can then plan their own actions accordingly.
"In the coming weeks and months, people will have to make some really important decisions about some really important issues," Columbia University historian Douglas R. Collins said during a press conference, speaking very slowly and clearly so the nation could follow his words. "And one thing we can do, before making a choice that has permanent consequences for our entire civilization, is check real quick first to see if human beings have ever done anything like it previously, and see if turned out to be a good idea or not."
"It’s actually pretty simple: We just have to ask ourselves if people doing the same thing in the past caused something bad to happen," Collins continued. "Did the thing we’re thinking of doing make people upset? Did it start a war? If it did, then we might want to think about not doing it."